The Art Preserve’s 56,000-square-foot, three-level building will provide exhibition space and visible storage for more than 25,000 works in the Arts Center’s world-renowned collection, which includes complete and partial environments by more than 30 vernacular, self-taught, and academically trained artists. As a new satellite campus, the Art Preserve will complement the John Michael Kohler Arts Center’s main location three miles away in downtown Sheboygan, a small city along Lake Michigan an hour north of Milwaukee. Considered a local treasure with an international presence, the John Michael Kohler Arts Center holds the world’s largest collection of art environments, a unique art form created by artists who often transform their homes and yards into multifaceted works of art. Often consisting of thousands of objects, monumental structures, architectural components, landscaped elements, or ephemeral materials, these environments cannot always be saved where they were created. At the same time, such works are not often found in museum collections. The John Michael Kohler Arts Center, in collaboration with Kohler Foundation, Inc., and many inspired enthusiasts, has rescued and preserved critical components of over 30 artist-built environments and collections, often carrying out projects deemed unfeasible by other institutions.
With works from sites in Wisconsin, New York City, Mississippi, India, and beyond, 20 of the Art Preserve’s artists will be represented with major installations, including Levi Fisher Ames, Emery Blagdon, Loy Bowlin, Nek Chand, Nick Engelbert, Annie Hooper, Jesse Howard, Ernest Hüpeden, Eddie Owens Martin (St. EOM), Mary Nohl, Frank Oebser, Clarence Powell, Dr. Charles Smith, Fred Smith, Lenore Tawney, Gregory Van Maanen, Eugene Von Bruenchenhein, Stella Waitzkin, Ray Yoshida, and Albert Zahn. More details about each artist and their original sites are here.
Over 10 years in the making, the Art Preserve serves as a contemporary setting for our distinctive and expansive collection and for the ongoing explorations and investigations into these unique sites and their creators,” noted Sam Gappmayer, director, John Michael Kohler Arts Center. We’re proud to be an institutional steward of the works, and look forward to the ways the Art Preserve will strengthen our position as an art destination.”
The Art Preserve was the brainchild of Ruth DeYoung Kohler II (1941-2020), who envisioned a center devoted to art environments. As the director of the John Michael Kohler Arts Center from 1972-2016, she guided the growth of a local arts center into an internationally-recognized institution presenting contemporary art, the work of vernacular artists including art environments, and performing arts. In 2016, Ruth stepped away from the directorship to concentrate on making the Art Preserve a reality as director of special initiatives. She worked with the board of directors, Arts Center staff, and the architectural firm Tres Birds in the design and completion of plans for the new museum.
Embracing an aesthetic in harmony with the work it houses, the $40 million Art Preserve is located at 3636 Lower Falls Rd., Sheboygan, within an attractive natural setting on 38 acres on the city’s west side. The Denver-based firm Tres Birds served as planners and architects for the project.
The design incorporates materials favored by the creators of art environments into the building’s exterior façade and interior, and enhances interaction with the artwork while addressing exhibition and preservation concerns. The building is a primarily concrete structure, a material choice in keeping with the prevalence of concrete as a medium in the creation of many art environments.
A forest of soaring timbers, angled like the trees growing on the site, forms a dramatic entrance to the Art Preserve. These “timber shades” shield the collection from direct sunlight entering the building through the windows, while allowing views out to the trees, river, and meadow. The Art Preserve also incorporates other innovative structures and technologies that protect the artwork while allowing the beauty of the natural setting to permeate the space. Complementing the surrounding habitats, the design respects land conservancy initiatives related to adjacent acreage along the Sheboygan River.
The Art Preserve will emphasize Wisconsin’s rich history in the field of art environments while also presenting national and international artists. The John Michael Kohler Arts Center possesses the largest collection available of many of the artists’ oeuvres. The Art Preserve will house a wide range of work that was made around the world, from Chandigarh, India, to rural Mississippi to the Hotel Chelsea in New York City. Previously, the 25,000 works in the collection could be seen only when on view at the John Michael Kohler Arts Center or on loan for exhibition at other institutions.
Among the installations will be:
- Emery Blagdon’s “Healing Machine” (incorporating bent wire, masking tape, sheet metal, aluminum foil, minerals, lights, and mechanical odds and ends), which he created in Nebraska and believed could channel the earth’s electricity and harness curative powers;
- a facsimile of Eugene Von Bruenchenhein’s pastel-colored Milwaukee home, inside of which is a selection of his photographs, paintings, sculptures, and other works presented based on historical photographs; with additional works that can be viewed in curated storage cabinets and on racks;
- a re-creation of Lenore Tawney’s New York City loft studio environment, where the innovative fiber artist surrounded herself with only those things that enabled creative work;
- and an homage to Levi Fisher Ames’ Wisconsin traveling tent show background with a space that serves as a home for his elaborate wood carvings as well as a location for small performances.
When the Art Preserve opens, sculptures by two artists will be installed on the grounds: a large Vollis Simpson whirligig in the front of the property, and two metal birds by Tom Every (Dr. Evermore). Other work will be added throughout the year.
While housing the Arts Center’s expanding collection, the Art Preserve also addresses growing scholarly interest in these artists and includes an education area, library, study collection, and other spaces that will provide access to the collection for researchers, tour groups, and the public. Several of the artists’ archives, including Mary Nohl, Eugene Von Bruenchenhein, and Jesse Howard, will be accessible to scholars and researchers seeking deeper understanding of the artists’ processes and inspirations.
To foster the sense of wonder inherent in the discovery of art environments, several responses are built into the interior architecture of the building. Incorporated into the stairwell walls are representations of hobo symbols, a collaboration between Ruth DeYoung Kohler ll and Tres Birds. These symbols, placed throughout the building’s prime stair core, provide messages relevant to the Art Preserve. Some are registered subtly with a change in the type of masonry block placed, while others extrude from the face of the wall and are internally lit, lighting the stair path.
Another response to the nature of the collection was the commissioning of artist-designed washrooms. Four installations maintain the exploratory spirit that pervades the building and provide a link to the Arts Center’s celebrated Arts/Industry residency program, a collaboration administered by the John Michael Kohler Arts Center and hosted and funded by Kohler Co. The artists chosen – Michelle Grabner, Beth Lipman, and the team Joy Feasley and Paul Swenbeck – were given access to the materials and support team of the Kohler Co. factory to execute their washrooms. On the first floor, Wisconsin-based artists Beth Lipman and Michelle Grabner were tasked with creating spaces that speak to some particularities of Wisconsin. Lipman cites the physical landscape as inspiration for her washroom, Wild Madder, which depicts over 1,279 flora species found in Sheboygan County. Grabner chose a combined investigation of the materiality and the labor of art environments through a study of familiar Midwestern domestic surfaces and textures for Patterns and Practicalities. For the third-floor washrooms, the team Feasley and Swenbeck have created an immersive, fantastical environment, Listen, the Snow Is Falling. The aurora borealis is the central image of their icy wonderland landscape.
A Low Carbon Footprint
The Art Preserve has been built with low embodied energy with the goal of achieving low operating energy. The building is built from 70 percent local river rock, which required no manufacturing energy and used very little transportation energy. Like a wine cellar, the Art Preserve is built into the side of a hill, tapping into the Earth’s constant underground temperature. This relationship helps the building maintain more consistent interior temperatures.
Tres Birds worked in close collaboration with the global engineering, design, and consulting firm Arup on innovative and sustainable design features including specialized heating and cooling systems, integrated lighting, acoustic, and MEP (mechanical, electric, plumbing) design solutions that provide energy savings, feature and preserve artwork, and enhance the patron experience.
The acoustic design includes specialized and strategically located sound-absorbing treatments to help mitigate noise propagation throughout the museum and promote intelligible speech from museum docents to enhance learning. In addition, the default state of the building is darkness, which is quite rare for a museum. The energy-saving lighting system utilizes motion-activated controls to light exhibition spaces when patrons are near the art and turn off when no one is nearby. All of these elements of the Art Preserve are interconnected to create a system with reduced fossil fuel usage.
About the John Michael Kohler Arts Center
Founded in 1967, the John Michael Kohler Arts Center is dedicated to making innovative arts programming accessible to a broad audience that ranges from artists to academics to families. Central to its mission is promoting understanding and appreciation of the work of self-taught and contemporary artists through original exhibitions, commissioned works of art, performing arts programs, community arts initiatives, and publications.
The Arts Center’s collections focus primarily on works by art-environment builders, self-taught and folk artists, and works created in the Arts/Industry residency program. Since the 1970s, the John Michael Kohler Arts Center has preserved, studied, and exhibited art environments. Today, with well over 25,000 individual works of art by 30 different creators of art environments in the collection, the Arts Center is the world’s leading center for research and presentation of this work.
Looking to the future, the Arts Center will continue to foster creative exchanges between an international community of artists and a diverse public at both its New York Avenue and Lower Falls Road locations. The John Michael Kohler Arts Center is supported by corporate and foundation donors, government grants, and its many members. The Arts Center is not an entity of Kohler Co. or its subsidiaries.
The John Michael Kohler Arts Center is located at 608 New York Avenue, Sheboygan, WI. Admission is always free. For information, call 920-458-6144, or visit jmkac.org, Facebook, Twitter, or Instagram.
The Art Preserve is located at 3636 Lower Falls Road, Sheboygan, WI 53081. For more information visit artpreserve.org. Admission is always free.
About Tres Birds
Tres Birds is a full-service planning, architecture and general contracting firm based in Denver, Colorado. Founded in 2000, Tres Birds works across the disciplines of architecture, art, engineering, and science with transformative projects that range from mixed-use developments and corporate headquarters to net-zero energy homes, museums and city parks. www.tresbirds.com